September Remember 2020 Hurricane Summary

4 10 2020

Dale C. S. Destin|

It was a wild, record-setting September to remember. There was a record nine named storms that formed in the month, breaking the previous record of eight which occurred 2010, 2002 and 1949. Of the nine named storms, four became hurricanes, and one reached major hurricane status – Category 4 Teddy. Juxtapose that with the normal for the month of four named storms, two to three hurricanes and one major hurricane.

This September was so wild, that we exhausted the primary list of names designated to the season, with two more months to go. Thus, the backup list is now in use only for the second time on record. So, the season has gone Greek i.e. storms are now being given names based on the Greek Alphabet. The only other time the season went Greek was 2005 and it did so over a month later than this season – October 22, when Beta of that season formed.

The exhausted primary list of names for named storms for 2020
The backup list for storms when there are more than 21 named storms/tropical cyclones

The frantic month has produced as much as or more named storms than 92 full seasons on record dating back to 1851. This is easily and remarkably more than half – 54 percent, of the 169 seasons on record. This includes 2014, 2009 and 1997, which had nine or less named storms.

Every named storm in September was the earliest storm to develop in the Atlantic for their respective letter or number, on record. The records were broken by as many as 34 days.

Interestingly, none of these storms threatened Antigua and Barbuda and the rest of the Eastern Caribbean. The most we got were large swells from Teddy along with some decent downpours from a few of its feeder bands.

Feeder bands from Teddy impacting the northeast Caribbean to include Antigua and Barbuda – Sep 20, 2020
Feeder band from Teddy across Barbuda, Antigua, Guadeloupe and Dominica – Sep 19, 2020

We are through two-thirds of the season, with two more months to go, officially, and we have already seen 23 named stormsthe most through September and the second most on record, for a season. Only 2005 saw more named storms – 28, and this record is in jeopardy, given the trend and my forecast. There have also been eight hurricanes of which two were major hurricanes – Category 3 or over.

Recall that an average season produces 12 named storms, 6 hurricanes and 3 major hurricanes. Thus, this season has produced, thus far, 191 percent of average number of named storms and 133 percent of average number of hurricanes. Thankfully, you may say, major hurricanes are lagging behind.

A season through September normally produces 9 named storms, 5 hurricanes and 2 major hurricanes. Thus, this season through September has produced 256 percent of average number of named storms, 160 percent of average number of hurricanes and 100 percent of average number of major hurricanes.

 

2020 tropical cyclone (tropical depression, tropical storm and hurricane) tracks through September 2020

 Teddy – 12 to 27 September, became the second major hurricane for the season, with peak winds of 220 km/h (140 mph). It impacted Bermuda with minimal storm-force winds and slammed into eastern Canada with Category 1 winds, but as an extra-tropical cyclone. It also impacted the northern Caribbean and the East Coast of the United States with high swells and surfs. The system was responsible for three fatalities.

Teddy southeast of Bermuda – Sep 20, 2020

Sally – 11 to 18 September, became the first hurricane to make landfall on Alabama since Ivan of 2004. It was a very destructive Category 2 cyclone with peak sustained winds of 165 km/h (105 mph). It caused, at least, US$8 billion in damage and killed 8 people. It also affected the Bahamas and Cuba.  

Sally impacting much of the Gulf Coast of the United States – Sep 15, 2020

Paulette – 7 to 16, 22 to 30 September, became the first hurricane to make landfall on Bermuda since “our” Gonzalo of 2014. It had peak sustained winds of 165 km/h (105 mph). Damage to date is unknown but it killed one person. It also impacted the Cape Verde Islands, the East Coast of the United States, Azores and Madeira with mainly swells and surfs. Note that the system died on 22 September and was resurrected September before dying for good 30 September.

Paulette heading for Bermuda – Sep 13, 2020

Nana – 1 to 4 September, made landfall on Belize as a Category 1 hurricane – 120 km/h (75 mph) before moving on to Guatemala but only caused minor damage. Damage is estimated to be, at least, US$10.2 million and there were no deaths.

Nana impacting Belize and other nearby Central American countries – Sep 3, 2020

There were five other named storms that did not reach hurricane status – Rene, Vicky, Wilfred, Alpha and Beta. Beta was the strongest of them with peak sustained winds of 95 km/h (60 mph). Collectively, damage from them were minor; however, they killed three people.

Please continue to follow me for more on the hurricane season and all things weather and climate via TwitterFacebook and Instagram. Also, share this blog, if you found it useful.


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